Phase 1 (2009-2012): Unlocking the potential of rainfed agriculture in Ethiopia for improved rural livelihoods

The goal of the first phase was to improve the livelihoods of rural communities in the rainfed agro-ecosystem of the Amhara region of Ethiopia by improving agricultural productivity and the sustainability of land and water resources.

The project team began by mapping the biophysical and socio-economic characteristics of the Gumara-Maksegnit watershed in North Gondar. Establishing these parameters, the team set a baseline and provided insights into the major constraints contributing to low agricultural productivity. A range of activities were launched to tackle these constraints, as shown by the figure below.

Unlocking Rainfed Agriculture

Phase 2 (2013-2016): Reducing land degradation and farmers’ vulnerability to climate change in Ethiopia

The goal of the second phase was to improve the resilience of smallholder farmers to climatic variability and climate change through sustainable management of land, water, crop, and livestock.
The second phase is expanding on the achievements of the first phase but a wider agricultural systems perspective is being adopted. The team is developing, adapting, evaluating, and demonstrating improved land, water, crop, and livestock management technologies.
The project aims to understand the strategies adopted by farmers to manage the impacts of climate change. This knowledge will help contribute to the development of farm-level sustainable land management technologies. Policies and strategies to bring about production systems resilient to climate change will be identified and best bet practices for rainfed systems will be promoted. 

Reducing Land Degradation